Monday, April 22, 2024

Why immigrants are leaving Canada

A new report has revealed that 15 per cent of immigrants decide to leave Canada within 20 years after admission as permanent residents.

Indepth


More than 15 per cent of immigrants decide to leave Canada either to return to their homeland or immigrate to another country within 20 years after admission as permanent residents.

The Study by StatCan dubbed “Emigration of Immigrants: Results from the Longitudinal Immigration Database” tries to examine the reason for emigration.

Top in the list is difficulties some immigrants encounter in integrating economically in Canada.

Several studies show higher emigration rates for immigrants from the United States and European countries, such as France and the United Kingdom.

These countries are economically developed and politically stable and can therefore offer their nationals settled in Canada attractive opportunities to return.

Immigrants born in Hong Kong or Taiwan are also more likely to leave Canada. This region experienced a period of major geopolitical upheaval in the 1980s and 1990s following its retrocession to China. At the same time, immigration to Canada increased.

When the political climate stabilized, some immigrants may have decided to return to live in Hong Kong. Taiwan also experienced a period of political turmoil during the
same period.

Emigration may have been part of the initial migration strategy of many immigrants from these two territories given the specific context of their settlement in Canada.

“The departure of some immigrants may reflect the challenges they faced in integrating into Canada’s labour market and society. In this regard, immigrant emigration can be seen in part as a correlate their integration into Canada, notes the StatCan report.

Conversely, immigrants born in the Philippines, Vietnam, Sri Lanka or Jamaica are less likely to leave Canada. Twenty years after being admitted to Canada, less than 10 per cent of immigrants born in those countries had left the country, the study found.

More than 40 per cent of immigrants admitted in the investor category and 30 per cent of those admitted in the entrepreneur category emigrated within 20 years of admission.

“These categories include wealthy immigrants who tend to be highly mobile and who may — even when they are admitted — intend to leave Canada in the future,” StatCan explained.

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